Russian language

Russian language

Russian language

Russian language is one of the most beautiful languages in the world.  It is nothing if not expressive. The vast ocean of words will let you describe something as simple as a pen in thousand words, allowing to picture this image in your head to a perfection. Just like anything in life you have to start with the basic and in this case to grasp the concept and meaning  behind words and sentences you have to start with grammar. When you start learning it looks unbelievable that you will ever manage to remember all these rules. That's why it will be such a reward when someday you will be reading Pushkin, Dostoyevsky  and many other authors in Russian.

Russian language

Russian grammar

As we know, grammar is a set of rules and guidelines to help you to use language correctly and it would be beneficial for you to learn Russian grammar. You will see, how all of your questions will become clear. Below you will find the main parts or speech (verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs) you need to know, before you move further (beginners can start with Russian alphabet).

Pronoun

We change pronouns recording to grammatical case, gender, person, singular, plural. There are many groups of pronouns in Russian language, for example - personal pronouns, possessive pronouns, interrogative pronouns, demonstrative pronouns and etc. 

Noun

Nouns answer on questions - Кто? (animate)Что? (inanimate). There are six grammatical cases in Russian language (Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Instrumental, Prepositional); three genders - masculine, feminine, neuter; plural, singular.

Adjective

The same as in English, in Russian adjectives describe nouns. Adjectives answer on questions - Какой? and Чей? The gender you are using depends on the gender of a particular noun (pronoun) you are describing, also you are going to use the same grammatical case in which is the noun (pronoun). Also adjectives have comparative, superlative and short form.

Verb

There are several rules, regarding to verbs. We would like to emphasize the main points. Verbs answer on questions - Что делать?(Imperfective aspect) Что сделать? (Perfective aspect). There are three tenses in Russian (future, past tense, and present); three grammatical persons; singular, plural; three genders - masculine, neuter, feminine. So, this information we use to conjugate verbs (first conjugation, second conjugation). 

 

Adverb

Adverbs describe verbs and answer on questions - Куда? Когда? Откуда? Где? Сколько? Почему? Зачем? Как? In many cases adverb is identical with adjective (the short form of neuter). Adverbs in Russian have comparative and superlative form.