Sounds Russian language
Sounds Russian language, their qualities. The Russian alphabet also called Cyrillic. It consists of thirty-three letters (thirty-one of them have sounds and two signs, that have no phonetic value of their own). There are ten vowels in Russian language and twenty-one consonant.
Russian language – Letters groups
We can split letters into groups , according to their qualities
Russian language – Letter’s role in a word
First such division will describe letters importance in the word:
- The letter play main role. For example in the word дòм letter O play the main role
- The letter play secondary role. Using the same word we want to show you how changes the role of letter O - домà.
Here you can see two examples in which letter O plays different roles. In the first group it is stressed, so it plays the main role and it is unstressed in the second group, so its importance in the word changes from main to secondary.
Russian language – Number of sounds in the letter
Second division splits letters into three groups, according to how many sounds they represent.
- In the first group we include letters with zero sounds. This group consists of letters ъ, ь, also we include letters, which are silent in some words. For example - солнце (in this case letter л), сердце (in this case letter д)
- In this group we include letters, which represent two sounds - E [jэ], Ё [jo], Ю [jу], Я [ja]
- The rest of the letters belong to this group, in which letters represent one sound.
Russian language – Meanings of the letter
The last division shows us the number of meanings of the letter. So, the same letter can be pronounced differently, depending on circumstances.
- In the first group we include the letters with just one meaning: vowels - а, о, у, э, ы; consonants -ж, ц, ч, ш, щ, й.
- In this group we include consonants, which may be as hard as soft. We used letters E and Э to show you the difference.
For example - был (hard), бил (soft)
Also in this group we include vowels: е, ё, и, ю, я. For example - вид (sound и) , цинк (sound ы), дядя (sound а), яма (sound ja)